KIDNEY / NEPHROLOGY NEWS
Researchers have demonstrated -- using fat cells derived from human stem cells -- that individual genetic variation can be used to predict whether the TZD rosiglitazone will produce the unwanted side effect of increasing cholesterol levels in certain individuals.
Carrying extra body fat, especially around the middle, may be linked to brain shrinkage, according to new research. For the study, researchers determined obesity by measuring body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio in study participants and found those with higher ratios of both measures had the lowest brain volume.
Spirulina — a blue-green algae used as a supplement — appears to reduce blood pressure. A recent study pins down the molecular mechanisms involved.
Patients on peritoneal dialysis and their caregivers give high priority to clinical outcomes (such as infection and mortality) and many patient-reported outcomes (particularly fatigue and flexibility with time), which are absent in most trials in peritoneal dialysis.
In a study of African-American men and women with normal kidney function, a pattern of higher collective consumption of soda, sweetened fruit drinks, and water was associated with a higher risk of developing kidney disease.
New research shows that in older people living in the community, type 2 diabetes is associated with a decline in verbal memory and fluency over five years.
Dialysis reimbursement policies in most countries are focused on conventional in-center hemodialysis, although home hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis might contribute to quality of life and cost savings. The reimbursement for dialysis in low- and middle-income countries is insufficient to treat all patients with kidney failure and has a disproportionately high impact on public health expenditure in those countries
(Reuters Health) - - A growing number of people with diabetes in the U.S. are losing toes and feet to the disease by the time they reach middle age, according to a study that suggests a reversal after years of progress against diabetes.
In Sweden, Christmas Eve, Christmas Day and New Year’s Day were prime times for heart troubles.
For most people at risk of heart attack and stroke, using statins to lower cholesterol brings more benefits than risks, say the American Heart Association.
(MedPage Today) -- Do data point to a future 'transcatheter toolbox' for mitral disease?
(MedPage Today) -- Trial data show mortality disadvantage versus treating culprit lesions only
(MedPage Today) -- Tissue engineering, drug discovery challenges among highlight topics
(MedPage Today) -- Weekly News Quiz: October 20-26
(MedPage Today) -- Cardiovascular Daily wraps up the top cardiology news of the week
(MedPage Today) -- News and commentary from the endocrinology world
(MedPage Today) -- Circadian genes appear to interact with ischemia-reperfusion injury effects
(MedPage Today) -- No improvements compared with laparoscopic procedures in kidney removal and rectal cancer
(MedPage Today) -- Patients with severe aortic stenosis see reduced all-cause mortality
(MedPage Today) -- Small increases in pressure might signal left heart failure, not early PAH
A person may need to use a urinary catheter if they have problems passing urine. There are several types of catheter, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Learn more about urinary catheters, and what to expect when using them, here.
La vaginosis bacteriana es la infección vaginal más común. ¿Qué la causa, funcionan los remedios caseros? En este artículo responderemos estas preguntas y más.
Los cálculos renales se producen cuando los minerales y las sales forman depósitos duros en los riñones. A continuación, veremos 13 remedios caseros para ayudar a controlar los síntomas.
The causes of stomach pain and chills include gastroenteritis, salmonella, and even the common cold. Treatment depends on the cause. Learn more about these, and the other causes of stomach pain and chills, here.
Pain in the abdomen and pain while urinating can result from a range of issues, including a urinary tract infection. Learn more about the potential causes here.
A bowel obstruction occurs when something blocks part of the small or large intestine. This blockage can be a serious problem if it is left untreated, so a person should speak to a doctor if they experience any of the symptoms. Learn more about these symptoms, the causes, treatment options, and diet tips here.
The acidity of urine varies greatly depending on a person’s diet and any medical conditions they may have. In this article, we discuss the normal pH range for urine, and what abnormal test results might mean.
D-mannose is a type of sugar that researchers believe may help treat urinary tract infections (UTIs). Learn more about the studies, conclusions, and possible dosage here.
Low sodium in the blood can cause confusion, lethargy, and nausea. Treatment depends on the cause. Learn more about low sodium levels, risk factors, prevention and treatment here.
Pelvic pain in men can result from a range of issues, including a hernia, prostatitis, and appendicitis. This pain occurs somewhere between the navel and groin. Treatment depends on the cause and may involve antibiotics. Learn about the most common causes of pelvic pain in men here.
Metoprolol tartrate and metoprolol succinate are different salt forms of metoprolol. Both drugs are beta-blockers that doctors prescribe to treat several cardiovascular conditions. However, despite being similar, they do have some different uses. Learn more here.
Mung beans are a healthful source of protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Some research also suggests that they may have a range of other health benefits. Learn more here.
Spirulina — a blue-green algae used as a supplement — appears to reduce blood pressure. A recent study pins down the molecular mechanisms involved.
The most common treatment for high blood pressure consists of taking specific medication, but could regular exercise bring the same benefits?
Spirulina is blue-green algae often hailed as a superfood. It contains many key nutrients and may have wide-ranging benefits, including for blood pressure, diabetes, and removing toxic chemicals from the body. Learn more about the benefits of spirulina here.
Losartan potassium is a drug that effectively treats high blood pressure and diabetic neuropathy. This article provides an overview of the benefits, effectiveness, side effects, and warnings associated with losartan potassium.
High blood pressure causes no symptoms until it becomes severe. In this article, we discuss the myths and truths of high blood pressure symptoms. We also look at how to tell when blood pressure is too high and how to interpret blood pressure readings.
A doctor should monitor high blood pressure (hypertension) during pregnancy to prevent complications for the mother, such as preeclampsia, and the baby. High blood pressure is usually treatable and preventable. Learn about the types, causes, and treatments of high blood pressure during pregnancy here.
Blood pressure medications help prevent many serious complications, such as stroke and heart disease. Learn about the types and possible side effects in this article.
According to recent findings, exposing the body to blue light could lower high blood pressure as effectively as taking hypertension medication.
GENERAL MEDICAL NEWS
Medical News Today: A groundbreaking set of studies has found that blocking certain receptors in the brain leads to the growth of remarkably strong bones. Could a new osteoporosis treatment be on the horizon?
Intensive Review of Nephrology................ Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital Board Review Prep for ABIM Nephrology exams, expand your knowledge and integrate the latest guidelines into your daily practice................. Video Online - $1,395.00.......... Online + USB* - $1,495.00 ...............Audio MP3s: CDs - $1,495.00 ............USB* - $1,495.00...............Combo: Online Video + Audio MP3 CDs + USB - $2,095.00.
NEJM (Macdougall): Conclusions: Among patients undergoing hemodialysis, a high-dose intravenous iron regimen administered proactively was noninferior to a low-dose regimen administered reactively and resulted in lower doses of erythropoiesis-stimulating agent being administered.
LeMonde: (in French -- paste this link into Google translate) ...les patients traités par un liquide de dialyse (ou dialysat) au citrate présenteraient une surmortalité de 40 % par rapport à ceux traités avec d’autres produits plus anciens à l’acétate ou à l’acide chlorhydrique (HCl).........Tel est le principal constat d’une étude rétrospective pilotée par Lucile Mercadal (Inserm, CESP 1018 et hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière) réalisée avec une équipe de néphrologues et de biostatisticiens français (REIN-Agence de la biomédecine, ABM), à partir des données du registre national REIN. Elle a été présentée le 3 octobre lors du congrès de la Société francophone de néphrologie, dialyse et transplantation ; elle n’est pas encore publiée.
Medical Device Network: Researchers at University of Queensland in Australia have created a new diagnostic test that can identify the presence of a tumour in the body based on a unique, DNA nanostructure that appears to be common to all types of cancer.
Orlando Sentinel: First, they documented that the guts of older animals had markedly smaller populations of A. muciniphila than the guts of young animals, and that as A. muciniphila became more scarce, so did butyrate, one of the gut’s key protectors. The deficiency of these two substances caused the mucous walls of the of the aged animals’ intestines to thin and grow leaky. That corrosive process unleashed a chain of events that touched off inflammation, prompted an immune response and, in a final step, increased insulin resistance.
Phase 1 submission period open now..................... Phase 1 submission period ends: February 28, 2019, 5:00 p.m. ET.............. Phase 1 Awardees announced by: April 30, 2019............................. Phase 2 begins: April 15, 2019................................... In Phase 1, we are looking for designs of solutions that will address at least one of the following areas:......................... Replicating Kidney Functions (Blood Filtration, Electrolyte Homeostasis, Fluid Regulation, Toxin Removal and Secretion, and/or Filtrate Drainage and Connectivity).................................. Improving Patient Quality of Life (e.g., minimizing burden on the family and care partner(s), reducing disease and treatment complications, increasing mobility and physical activity)...................................... Improved renal replacement therapy access (vascular or peritoneal access) Addressing engineering challenges (e.g., preventing clotting, bleeding, and infection in vascular circuit and associated devices)............................ Ancillary technologies................... Biomaterials development.................... Biological and Immunological modulation..................... Biosensor development and other safety monitoring functions................
The learning objectives for this conference are as follows: 1. Describe the recent advances in the pathophysiology and management of critically ill patients with a focus on sepsis, multi-organ failure, infections, lung and kidney injury in different settings..................................... 2. Discuss the best ways to identify, treat and follow up patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) resulting from different causes utilizing biomarkers, imaging and lab studies and applying educational tools to raise awareness of AKI......................... 3. Describe the principles and practice of renal replacement techniques including CRRT, IHD and plasma exchange and demonstrate how to setup and use these techniques for managing critically ill patients.
Easy water: Providing clean drinking water in rural areas with contaminated water sources and no power: repurposing reprocessed hemodialyzers. Easy Water for Everyone (EWfE), a US NGO, brings an innovative water-purifying device to isolated villages that have no electricity or other power supply to filter the villages’ contaminated water from rivers, streams, lakes, wells and boreholes, and changes it into pure water ready to drink!
South China Morning Post: At least seven patients in Beijing who doctors said had “no hope” of regaining consciousness were re-evaluated by an artificial intelligence system that predicted they would awaken within a year.
(University of Sussex) A mechanism which drives leukaemia cell growth has been discovered by researchers at the University of Sussex, who believe their findings could help to inform new strategies when it comes to treating the cancer.
(University of Utah) The W. M. Keck Foundation has awarded $250,000 to the University of Utah to establish a new undergraduate minor in dark sky studies, the first of its kind in the United States. The minor is open to all students across the university who will explore issues through the lens of science, humanities, arts, and participate in field-based research.
(American Friends of Tel Aviv University) A new Tel Aviv University study suggests that the role of yeast, the world's most basic eukaryotic unicellular organism, may pave the way for the development of novel, more effective therapies for congenital diseases.
(SAGE) The "First international consensus on the diagnosis and management of fibromuscular dysplasia" (FMD) has been published online first today in Vascular Medicine and the Journal of Hypertension.
(Springer) In the late 1950s, the treatment for fractures involved three to four months in hospital in plaster-casts and traction. Recovery was slow, and up to 70 percent of patients experienced reduced mobility upon recovery.
(University of Surrey) New AI developed at the University of Surrey could identify and help reduce one of the top causes of hospitalisation for people living with dementia: urinary tract infections (UTI).
(DOE/Sandia National Laboratories) intentionally controlled light can help regulate human health and productivity by eliciting various hormonal responses. Tailored LED wavelengths and intensities also can efficiently stimulate plant growth, alter their shapes and increase their nutritional value, opening a new world of scientific and technological possibilities for indoor farming.
(Virginia Tech) "Our research is especially important because it goes beyond general possibilities to the more specific ones," Reddy said.
(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) A special issue of Viral Immunology, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers, contains a rich collection of the latest research and reviews focusing on Viral Neuroimmunology and the intricacies of viral brain infection.
(Children's National Health System) An award-winning poster that Lenore Jarvis, M.D., MEd, and colleagues presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics National Convention and Exhibit in Orlando, Florida, details Children's integrated approach to help women with perinatal mood and anxiety disorders which includes actions at individual, interpersonal, organizational, community and policy levels.